Proteins: essential macronutrients for the health of our body

20 October, 2021

What is protein?

It’s frequently talked about in the world of nutrition, sports, and even gastronomy. There are even some who meticulously check their content on package labels while grocery shopping. But what exactly are proteins?

Proteins are macromolecules that play a fundamental role in our body. They are made up of amino acids that are linked to each other in long chains via peptide bonds. From supplying our muscles and tissues with amino acids to strengthening our immune defenses, proteins carry out various essential tasks within the body. 

Distinguishing between animal protein and plant based protein depends on both their origin and composition. Both types, even with their minor differences, are fundamental for our health. Animal protein is defined as “noble” or “complete” because it contains the full range of amino acids our body needs. While plant based protein has a lower amino acid composition, they can become complete when combined which ensures that they too can provide the body with the entire amino acid profile. 

They therefore play a fundamental role in our health and perform multiple essential functions for the body.

  • They are a valid energy source capable of producing about 4 kcal of energy per gram
  • They act as building blocks for the structure of our cells.
  • They protect and defend us from attack by external pathogens and infections.
  • They aid in muscle contraction and therefore are needed for the movement of muscles, tissues, and cells.
  • They allow for the transportation of substances both within and outside of cells.
  • They regulate biochemical reactions within the body and are therefore able to speed up, slow down, or hinder these reactions as needed. 

 

Biological value

The biological value of protein is represented by a number that measures both the quantity and quality of the essential and non-essential amino acids present. We can therefore define their biological value by their ability to satisfy the metabolic needs of our body at the level of both essential and total amino acids.

The level of biological value can be distinguished as follows:

  • High nutritional value: they contain all the essential amino acids in high quantities.
  • Medium nutritional value: presence of all essential amino acids, but at least one in a reduced quantity.
  • Low nutritional value: lack of one or more essential amino acids;

The main way in which we acquire protein is through our diet, whether it be through animal or plant based sources. Oftentimes our diets are poorly balanced leading to a deficiency in certain macronutrients.

As a result, the consumption of protein has significantly increased in recent years. More people are also opting for protein supplementation to make up for deficiencies related to their hectic lifestyle or poor dietary choices. 

 

Protein requirement and diet

Consuming a sufficient amount of high protein foods on a daily basis can positively impact the well-being and health of our body. The recommended daily intake for an adult who leads a sedentary life, calculated in grams per kg of body weight, is estimated to be on average between 0.8 – 1.2g per kg, about 12% of our total daily calorie requirement.

The values​ increase in athletes and in all those who engage in physical activity. In people who engage in high intensity workouts, the value increases further reaching 1.7/1.8 g/kg.

This means the estimated requirement varies greatly depending on the different physical and physiological needs of each individual and varies based on factors such as the type and amount of physical activity, weight, sex, age, and much more.

Of course, there are some diets, such as high-protein or ketogenic, in which the aforementioned ideal intake changes, with a considerably higher intake of daily protein.

A high protein diet is usually defined as a diet that favors the consumption of proteins at the expense of other essential macronutrients, such as carbohydrates and sugars. There are two main benefits of a protein rich diet:

  • Promotes the maintenance and/or increase of lean mass
  • Acts as a thermogenic agent and increases basal metabolism which helps the body burn fat

 

Dimagra®️ Protein Food by PromoPharma®️

PromoPharma® is always attentive to people’s needs and requests and has therefore launched the brand new Dimagra®️ Protein Food line. It consists of foods, snacks, and bars ideal for anyone looking to lose weight, stay in shape, or simply enjoy healthy foods without having to give up the pleasure of eating. 

The sweet and savory foods of the Dimagra Protein Food line are characterized by being:

  • Protein rich foods. 
  • Low in sugar, carbohydrates, and fat.
  • High in fiber which helps keep you full for longer.
  • Low in sodium.
  • Enriched with MCT oil (medium-chain triglycerides), a particular category of fatty acids that help burn excess calories and provide a valid source of energy. 

These snacks are specially formulated with low quantities of sugar but are delicious nonetheless. Thanks to their low glycemic index, they are even suitable for diabetics and people who follow a low-sugar diet.

The main benefits related to the intake of Dimagra protein foods and snacks are:

  • Weight loss, if introduced within a varied and balanced diet
  • Maintenance and/or increase of lean mass
  • Reduces hunger

The new line is formulated to meet the needs of anyone interested in the benefits of consuming healthy, protein rich foods. 

For those who can’t live without pasta and pizza, Dimagra®️ offers:

AminoPast: pasta made with legume flour and enriched with amino acids that contributes to the maintenance of muscle mass. You can choose between two classics: penne and fusilli.

Pane Proteico: bread based on grains and seeds, it’s the ideal low-carb accompaniment to your meals that is low in sugar but high in protein and fiber.

Base Pizza Proteica: 2 easy-to-prepare pizza bases that you can season according to your preference without having to give up the pleasure of a delicious pizza.

 

For those with a sweet tooth, we have a range of sweet snacks that be can enjoyed at any time of the day:

Cantucci Proteici: vanilla and almond flavored biscuits, with 15 g of protein and less than 1 g of sugar.

Plumcake Proteici: available in vanilla or chocolate, they are the perfect snack for a regenerating break.

Croissant Proteico: also available in chocolate, they are a delicious and ideal breakfast food.

 

If, on the other hand, you are a lover of savory foods, there are 3 snacks at your disposal:

Mini Grissini Proteici: mini rosmary flavored breadsticks that have a good 22 g of protein.

Mini Cracker Proteici: mini pizza flavored crackers that contain 18 g of protein.

Crostini Classici Proteici: croutons that have 20 g of protein and very little salt.

 

Energy Bar and Protein Bar, the new bars designed for athletes and more

Protein diets have always traditionally been followed by athletes who use them to improve their fitness and increase or maintain muscle mass. However, the latest market studies have highlighted how the consumption of protein or energy bars has grown, not only among athletes, but by those looking for a healthy, on-the-go snack or a food that can be combined with a ketogenic diet. 

On the basis of these studies, PromoPharma® has created 4 new types of so-called “technical” bars that complement the Dimagra®️ Protein Food line. They are distinguished by the contribution of macronutrients and variying objectives of each consumer: Energy Bar and three different Protein Bars.

The Energy Bar, notoriously high in calories due mainly to the high carbohydrate content, is perfect for those who engage in high intensity workouts that require prolonged energy. They can be consumed before or during exercise for an energy boost. They are actually a great source of natural energy thanks to the use of both fresh and dried fruit, with the addition of honey as a sweetener to satisfy even the pickiest eaters. The three flavors available are:

  1. Almond, fig, and raisin
  2. Peanuts and caramel
  3. Almond, hazelnut, and pistacchio

The Protein Bar, clearly characterized by its high amount of protein, is excellent not only for those who workout, but also for those looking to slim down or stay in shape

There are three types of Protein Bar available which are distinguished by their percentage of protein content: 33%, 40%,  and 50%.

Protein Bar 33% contains 16 g of protein and MCT oil, essential for energy support and as a calorie burner.

A feature that distinguishes them from other types of bars is the addition of a delicious, crunchy inside. There are two flavors available:

  1. Caramel cream
  2. Chocolate

Protein Bar 40%, covered in a delicious layer of chocolate, enriched with aminoacids and creatine, are perfect for the reintegration of protein post-workout. This type of bar is also available in two flavors:

  1. Coconut
  2. Chocolate

Protein Bar 50% are characterized by having  a good 25g of whey and soy protein, less than 1g of sugar, and pure MCT oil. This type of bar can be used both by those who engage in sports and within the Metodo Dimagra, but also as a meal replacement. You can choose between:

  1. Chocolate
  2. Peanuts and caramel
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